Check for bleeding
The fourth step is to check for bleeding.
You can check for breathing by looking at the victim to see if there's cut and blood or you can use your hand to feel for wetness on the victim's clothes.
Most small cuts do not present any danger. Larger wounds, particularly those where an artery has been damaged, can cause severe bleeding and result in falling blood pressure and shock. Depending on the type of wound and its location, there can be damage to tendons and nerves. Bleeding from large cuts may require immediate medical treatment.
What to Do:
For Minor Bleeding From a Small Cut or Abrasion:
For Bleeding From a Large Cut or Laceration:
Major bleeding may be a life-threatening condition requiring immediate attention. Bleeding may be external or internal. Bleeding may be from an ARTERY, a major blood vessel which carries oxygen-rich blood from the heart throughout the body. It may be from a VEIN, which carries blood back to the heart to be oxygenated or bleeding may be from a CAPILLARY, the smallest of our body's blood vessels.
ARTERIAL bleeding is characterized by spurts with each beat of the heart, is bright red in color (although blood darkens when it meets the air) and is usually severe and hard to control. ARTERIAL bleeding requires immediate attention!
VENUS bleeding is characterized by a steady flow and the blood is dark, almost maroon in shade. Venus bleeding is easier to control than Arterial bleeding.
CAPILLARY bleeding is usually slow, oozing in nature and this type of bleeding usually has a higher risk of infection than other types of bleeding.
FIRST AID FOR BLEEDING IS INTENDED TO:
How to control bleeding
ONCE PRESSURE IS APPLIED, KEEP IT IN PLACE. IF DRESSINGS BECOME SOAKED WITH BLOOD, APPLY NEW DRESSINGS OVER THE OLD DRESSINGS. THE LESS A BLEEDING WOUND IS DISTURBED, THE EASIER IT WILL BE TO STOP THE BLEEDING!
If you can't stop bleeding with any other methods, you can use turn-a-kit. This should be used only as the last resort. This is done by tying a string above the bleeding area. Use a pen to twist the string tight so blood stop flowing to the bleeding area. The doctor may have to amputate the extremity where you have placed the turn-a-kit. Thus, only use this when there's no other way to stop the bleeding.