Check for burn

Burns are one of the most common causes of accidental death in childhood. Burns are often categorized as first, second, or third degree, based on the severity of damage to the skin.

The severity of a burn depends upon its size, depth and location. Burns are most severe when located on the face, neck, hands, feet and genitals. Also, when they are spread over large parts of the body or when they are combined with other injuries.

Burns result in pain, infection and shock. They are most serious when the victims are very young or very old.

Types of Burns

First-degree burns, the mildest of the three, are generally caused by brief skin contact with hot water, steam, or hot objects or by overexposure to the sun. First-degree burns cause swelling, redness, and pain.

Second-degree (or partial thickness) burns result from contact with chemicals, hot liquids or solids, or from clothing catching on fire. The skin can appear mottled white to cherry red, and the burn is quite painful. Blisters are common.

Third-degree (or full thickness) burns can result from prolonged contact with flames, hot liquids or solids, chemicals, or electricity. Skin can be charred, leathery, or have a very pale appearance. There may be little or no pain because of nerve damage. THIRD DEGREE burns are the deepest. They may look white or charred, extend through all skin layers. Victims of third degree burns may have severe pain -- or no pain at all -- if the nerve endings are destroyed.

All burns should be treated quickly to reduce the temperature of the burned area or to wash off chemicals, which helps reduce damage to the skin and underlying tissue.


What to Do:

For First-Degree Burns:


For Second- and Third-Degree Burns:


For Chemical Burns: