Check for fracture

The fifth step is to check for fracture.

You can check for fracture by seeing that's there's bone sticking out of the skin (open fracture) or there's welling, bruising, tenderness, or a feeling of "pins and needles" (close fracture).

A broken (fractured) bone requires emergency care. Suspect a possible broken bone if your victim heard or felt a bone snap, if your victim has difficulty moving the injured part, or if the injured part moves in an unnatural way or is very painful to the touch.

A sprain occurs when the ligaments, which hold bones together, are overstretched and partially torn. Simply overstretching any part of the musculature is called a strain. Sprains and strains generally cause swelling and pain, and there may be bruises around the injured area. Most sprains, after proper medical evaluation, can be treated at home.

What to Do:
For a Suspected Broken Bone:


For a Suspected Sprain or Strain:





Activities Idea:

    1. You can have the kids pair up to evaluate one another to see what's problem they have.

    2. You can have them use their scarf (khan quang) to stop bleeding.

    3. They can simulate performing CPR to one another.

    4. Use scarf to splint injury (arm, leg, or head).

    5. Use scarf to make a sling to hold broken arm.

    6. Let them have some fun and teach them how to transport their  victim.
             -Use their shirts or sleeping bag to make a liter to transport the victim.
             -Pair up in a group of two for the fire man carry.
             -Pair up in group of three. Two people will interlock their arms together
               to carry the third person.
             -Pair up in group of five and let them figure out how they can transport one another.


If time permits, you can teach them about